Overtime is an employee right governed by the Fair Labor Standards Act, a federal law that controls how businesses handle their employee work hours and the wages they earn for their time. Minnesota has also adopted its own laws governing these issues, so employees are required to ensure that they are fully compliant with both the state and federal guidelines.
According to the Minnesota Department of Labor & Industry, businesses in the state must pay non-exempt workers overtime at a rate of at least one and one-half times their regular pay for any hours they work over 48 in a single workweek. On the other hand, the FLSA states that non-exempt employees who work over 40 hours in a workweek must receive overtime pay at the same rate dictated by Minnesota law. Because employers must comply with both laws, they must pay for the overtime hours as dictated by the FLSA for many workers.
Employers may not be required to pay overtime for certain employees who fall under the exemptions to these laws. These exemptions are largely based upon the duties of an employee instead of their official job title. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, some exemptions to the FLSA include commissioned sales employees, IT professionals, farmworkers and seasonal workers at recreational businesses. Salaried executives and administrators are also considered exempt under the law. Minnesota law has some similar exemptions. In addition, air carrier employees, some farm construction workers and health care facility employees may also be exempt from the state law on overtime.